Slave numbers in the Northern States as represented in the U.S. Census

Posted on December 12, 2008 by

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Slave numbers in the Northern States, from 1860 back to 1790.

State 1860 1850 1840 1830 1820 1810 1800 1790
California N/A N/A
Connecticut N/A N/A 54 25 97 310 951 2,648
Delaware 1,798 2,290 2,605 3,292 4,509 4,177 6,153 8,887
Illinois N/A N/A 331 747 917
Indiana N/A N/A 3 3 190
Iowa N/A N/A 16
Maine N/A N/A 0 2 0 0 0 0
Massachusetts N/A N/A 0 1 0 0 0 0
Michigan N/A N/A 0 32
Minnesota N/A N/A
New Hampshire N/A N/A 1 3 0 0 8 157
New Jersey 18 236 674 2,254 7,557 1,085 12,422 11,423
New York N/A N/A 4 75 10,088 15,017 20,613 21,193
Ohio N/A N/A 3 6 0 0
Pennsylvania N/A N/A 64 403 211 795 1,706 3,707
Rhode Island N/A N/A 5 17 48 108 380 958
Vermont N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wisconsin N/A N/A 11

States (prior to 1861) that were considered “Northern” but are not included in this table are Kansas, Nebraska, and Nevada. As of 1860, Kansas had 2 slaves, Nebraska had 15 slaves, and Nevada had none (represented as “N/A”).

Compare with the number of slaves in the Southern States for the same period of time by opening this link and placing the browser windows side-by-side to show the two different posts.

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