Born Oct. 12, 1773, the second son of James and Ann Kerby Moore, James Draden Moore was christened at the upper chapel, St. John’s, Broad Creek at Ft. Washington, Prince George’s County.
When James left Prince Georges Co. to move to Washington Co., he must have done so in the company of a few members of the Lowe family, who were also from Prince Georges Co. Sometime after 1796, after James’ marriage to Ann Lowe, the J.D. Moore family moved along with one or two of his brothers and at least the family of Nicholas Lowe, Ann’s brother, to western Maryland. They may have first settled in Alleghany County, before moving slightly back east to Washington Co., Md.
James was a supervisor of roads in Washington County for several years. In 1814 for the road from Kershner’s Ford to Jacques Furnace on the Conococheague Creek, being paid 200 pounds per year. That same year, James was appointed Justice of the Peace in Washington Co.
In 1815 he continued his work as a roads supervisor; this time with his brother-in-law, Mr. George Lowe. In 1817 he supervised the same road with Mr. Jacob Myers. In 1820 he was again with Mr. Lowe in supervising the road from Four Locks to Spring Furnace. In 1820 he is also shown as supervising the road from Henry ford to Jacques Furnace with Solomon Steintze? In 1821 he was again with George Lowe in supervising the road from Jacques Furnace to the Turnpike Road near Licking Creek. In 1822 the same bond was listed.
Died Jan. 16, 1840, Clear Spring, Washington County, Maryland.
In 1820 the census shows J.D. Moore to own one male slave between 14-26 years of age. Also seven female slaves and one free male. Two years later he sold Mary (15), Hannah, and Patty(11). In 1825 he sold Joseph (age 50), Margaret (age 47), Harriet (age 15), and Rachel (age 11) to Robert Thompson of Louisiana for $900.
In 1830 there was six male slaves and two female slaves. In 1840 there were four male slaves and one female slave.
The Will of J.D. Moore listed the following:
Son, Joseph Saunders Moore received a young roan mare saddle and bridle (estimated value $45), long shot gun ($12), and silver watch ($25); daughter, Mary H. Moore $50; son, Cyrus Saunders Moore $50; son, Hamilton Alexander Moore: one featherbed set and bedding; daughter, Elizabeth Moore: one bureau. Also that none of his slaves be sold outside the county or state.
Children of James Draden Moore and Ann Lowe Moore:
1. Maria Moore
2. Hamilton Alexander Moore (1812-1891), Born Apr. 26, 1812, Maryland, son of James Draden Moore and Ann Lowe Moore. Half brother of Cyrus Sanders Moore. Died Oct. 4, 1891, Indian Springs, Washington County, Maryland. Hamilton and Christiana Fink Moore had the following children:
2a. James Draper Moore (1841 – 1864)*- Born in 1841, Clear Spring, Washington County, Maryland. On September 3, 1861, Moore enlisted at Frederick, Maryland as a private in Company B, 1st Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry (later part of Cole’s 1st Maryland Volunteer Cavalry). Upon entering the service, James brought his own horse and was in turn paid for the “service” of the horse while with the cavalry. James was listed at enlistment as being age 20, 5’8″, with ruddy complexion and light red hair. By occupation James was listed as a farmer. James became ill in the winter, probably from exposure to the elements and was listed as sick in quarters on December 31, 1861. Apparently his sick furlough expired in January of 1862, as he was listed as being absent without leave for three (3) days on the Jan-Feb 1862 muster rolls. He was AWOL again for two (2) days on the March-April 1862 rolls; AWOL four (4) days, May-June 1862; AWOL for three (3) days Nov-Dec 1862; AWOL for one (1) day Jan-Feb 1863. The events that led to Moore’s trip to Andersonville began on January 10, 1864. Just before dawn on that freezing morning, Lt. Col. John Singleton Mosby and his raiders struck Cole’s Battalion on Loudoun Heights. Moore was with the ill-fated picket along the Hillsboro road, where Piney Run crossed. Mosby had to make certain that this picket was taken out in order to free a path for his escape from the night assault. By the time that Mosby had decided to withdraw, he had suffered severe losses, including the wounding of his younger brother “Willie”. In addition to the six captured Federal troopers, Cole’s battalion had lost six killed and fourteen wounded. However, the men lost from Mosby’s command were deemed by one ranger as “worth more than all Cole’s Battalion.” Considering all of this, a truce was made later that morning and Captain William Henry Chapman dispatched a messenger into the Federal camp with an offer for an exchange. For the recovery of his men, Mosby would return the six captured Federal troopers. Cole refused to receive the offer, ultimately sealing Moore’s fate. First sent to Belle Island, Richmond, Va., James was shortly after transferred to Andersonville Prison, Ga. On August 30, 1864 (only seven days after what was considered the worst day in Andersonville’s history for deaths), when the prison camp was at its peak for disease and deaths due to overcrowding, James died of scobitis (scurvy). He is in grave #7273 at Andersonville. After the war both of his James D. Moore’s parents applied for and received a pension for his service. James’ mother’s application was dated 7/26/1880; father’s 5/23/1888. Both records of this pension and military service are on file at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. Upon a tour to Camp Sumter (Andersonville) in mid-April 1997, I found that the grave of J.D. Moore was mismarked. At that time, grave #7273 showed a “M.L. Moore” from Maine. Thankfully, Atwater’s book of 1866 provides reliable information, listing Moore. It seems likely that several may be misidentified in later years when the headstones replaced the older markers. By the spring of 1998, Andersonville, after my submission of various documents to prove that J.D. Moore was in that grave, erected a headstone that properly described his resting place. Comrades of James Moore also captured at Loudoun Heights included… Hamilton Wolf (died 11/24/1864 and buried in grave #12147; mother applied for and received a pension); George Weaver (died Sept. 21, 1864 of diarrhea, and was buried in grave #9409); John Newcomber (died 8/6/1864 of diarrhea and buried in grave #4881; listed incorrectly on headstone as “Macomber”; no record of parents applying for a pension); Walter Scott Myers (died May 23, 1864 of chronic diarrhea, and buried in grave #1307; mother applied for and received a pension). Only survivor of those captured was Isaiah Nicewander (born ca. 1842, from Welsh Run, Montgomery, Franklin Co., Pa. -son of Hannah; he died sometime before Oct. 1886; mother applied for but did not receive a pension). Another comrade (Abraham L. Sossey) from the same company was killed in the fight at Loudoun Heights and is buried in the same cemetery as James D. Moore’s parents.
2b. Richard Alexander Moore (3/6/1849 – 7/25/1921)
2c. Millard Filmore Moore (9/11/1856 – 1907). From the January 18, 1907 issue of the Hagerstown Mail:
Millard F. Moore, a well-known resident of Smithsburg, died at 11 o’clock Thursday night of typhoid fever after a prolonged illness, aged 51 years. Mr. Moore was injured on Dec. 15 by a wagon falling upon him in his blacksmith shop and soon afterward typhoid fever developed. The deceased was born in Clearspring District and had resided on the Cable farm, near Smithsburg, for ten years. He removed into Smithsburg over a year ago and engaged in the blacksmith and wagon-making business. He was a good citizen and highly respected. He was a member of the Clearspring Tribe of Red Men. His wife and three brothers, John, Beaver Creek, Jacob and Richard, near Big Pool, and a sister, Lizzie, of Big Pool. Funeral Sunday at 10 o’clock from the Episcopal Church services by Rev. C.J. Curtis in the Smithsburg Cemetery.
Children of James Draden Moore and Mary Frances Sanders Moore:
3. Elizabeth Margaret Moore Hower (1/12/1821 – 1902). Wife of Jonathan Hower (1794-1865).
4. Joseph Saunders Moore, born Apr. 13, 1822, Washington Co., Maryland. A leading advocate, in Clear Spring, of the Constitutional Unionist Party, in the 1860 Presidential race. Died Sept. 13, 1860. From the Hagerstown Herald of Freedom and Torch Light, 9/19/1860:
DEATH OF A FRIEND. – We regret to announce the death of Jos. S. Moore, Esq., to which occurred at his residence near the Four Locks on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, on Wednesday night last. Mr. M. died of scrofulous affection in the mouth and throat, from which he had been suffering for several months previous. In this death we have lost a highly esteemed friend, and the community in which he lied an intelligent, honorable, high-toned gentleman. May he rest in peace.
Of note: Joseph Saunders Moore executed a deed of manumission on November 27, 1858, resulting in the freedom of William Gasper, then “about 40 years of age… 5 feet 4 1/2 inches high, of a brown copper color, [with] a small scar on the right hand and one on his forehead.”
5. Emily Ann Moore (9/30/1823 – 8/8/1855)
6. Virginia Cowan Moore (1825 – ____)
7. Mary H. Moore (10/15/1827 – 8/10/1893)