Carpetbaggers!?

Posted on February 2, 2009 by

13


Just for the fun of it, I just spent some time in the census records again. I noticed that the 1870 and 1880 census records online at the UVa site provide stats for the states of birth. So, considering the talk about carpetbaggers in a few places in the blogosphere, I figured I would run a little test to see just how many Northern-born folks really played a part in the great “carpetbagger” effort to control the South following the Civil War. In the end, I was more impressed by the numbers of Southern-born people who had made their way North. Of course, there is no way to tell (from the online census record stats) what Northern-born folks were in the South prior to the war. The same can be said about Southern-born folks in the North. Nonetheless, when comparing data from 1870 and 1880, I was able to dig-up some interesting stuff.

From the data found in the online census records at the UVa site, I found that…

as of 1870, there were…

10,686 Northern-born folks living in the South, BUT
124,825 Southern-born folks living in the North.

As of 1880, there were…

26,809 Northern-born folks living in the South, BUT
234,643 Southern-born folks living in the North.

From 1870 to 1880, there was an increase of 16,123 Northern-born folks living in the South, HOWEVER…

from 1870 to 1880, there was an increase of 109,818 Southern-born folks living in the North.

The break-down of where people were born and where they were living at the time of the census is shown below (please take note that I do suspect this data to be incompete). For a number of reasons, I excluded data for KS, KY, MD, MO, and WV.

Northern-born folks living in the South in 1870:

From…

CT – none recorded
DE – none recorded
IL – none recorded
IN – none recorded
IA – none recorded
MA – none recorded
ME – none recorded
MI – unknown
MN – unknown
NH – none recorded
NJ – none recorded
NY – 789 were living in NC, 945 in SC, 4,908 in VA
OH – none recorded
PA – 4,044 were living in VA
RI – none recorded
VT – none recorded
WI – none recorded

Northern-born folks living in the South in 1880:

CT – none recorded
DE – none recorded
IL – none recorded
IN – none recorded
IA – none recorded
MA – 852 in FL
ME – none recorded
MI – none recorded
MN – unknown
NH – none recorded
NJ – 1,349 in VA
NY – 2,375 in FL, 2,570 in GA, 889 in NC, 1,070 in SC, 5,382 in VA
OH – 5,035 in TN
PA – 855 in FL, 891 in NC, 5,541 in VA
RI – none recorded
VT – none recorded
WI – none recorded

Southern-born folks living in the North in 1870:

AL – none recorded
AR – unknown
FL – unknown
GA – none recorded
LA – unknown
MS – none recorded
NC – none recorded
SC – none recorded
TN – none recorded
TX – unknown
VA – 450 in DE, 32,489 in IN, 72,950 in OH, 18,936 in PA

Southern-born folks living in the North in 1880:
AL – none recorded
AR – none recorded
FL – none recorded
GA – unknown
LA – unknown
MS – unknown
NC – 20,884 in IN,
SC – unknown
TN – 37,400 in IL, 10,969 in IN
TX – unknown
VA – 1,722 in CT, 642 in DE, 24,538 in IN, 15,531 in IA, 4,766 in MA, 4,789 in NJ, 12,586 in NY, 51,647 in OH, 20,189 in PA, 1,076 in RI

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